1. Septoplasty is a procedure that involves correcting the deviated nasal septum by access through an incision on the inside of the nose. Subsequently apply a tamponade for 72 hours kept in place by plates. It is performed under general controlled anaesthesia by an anaesthesiologist.
2. Turbinoplasty is the surgical technique used to decrease the size of the inferior turbinate in cases in which said nasal turbinate interferes with breathing. The procedure is performed through the nostrils, so there are no external scars. During surgery local anaesthesia with sedation is used. Sometimes laser or radiofrequency can be used to decrease the volume of the turbinate and prevent bleeding.
3. Rhinoplasty is the name given to the intervention that corrects the external shape of the nose. Septorhinoplasty includes correction of the nasal septum to correct the total shape of the nose, based on a functional and Cosmetic concept. Usually performed under general anaesthesia, the incisions are endonasal, and can sometimes be accompanied by a small external incision in the columella (open rhinoplasty). All cartilaginous and bony structures that need to be modified are dissected. Nasal packing and an external splint are necessary.
4. Nasal polypectomy by endoscopic sinus surgery is a procedure that involves removing polyps through the nostrils, without any visible external incision. It is done using a system of optical lenses (endoscope), removing all polyps in the nasal passages and surrounding cavities (sinuses). This procedure is performed under general controlled anaesthesia by an anaesthesiologist.
5. Tonsillectomy is the removal of the tonsils (tonsillitis). Is performed under general anaesthesia and through the mouth, the tonsil is excised, and any possible bleeding points sutured. If there are abnormal adenoid growths these are also removed surgically. Partial radiofrequency tonsillectomy is also performed under general anaesthesia.
6. Laryngeal microsurgery involves removing a lesion on the vocal cords such as a nodule, polyp, cyst, etc. It is performed by direct laryngoscopy, with the introduction of a metal tube that enters the larynx under microscopic control and general controlled anaesthesia, by an anaesthesiologist.
7. Uvulopalatoplasty is the surgical technique that aims at reducing the size and changing the shape of certain structures. The intervention is performed through the mouth. For this intervention we use local anaesthesia with sedation. Sometimes the laser or radiofrequency can be used to decrease the volume of the palate and uvula.
The most frequent illnesses treated at the Plató Hospital Ear, Nose and Throat Unit are: difficulty in nasal breathing due to nasal septal dysmorphia or turbinate hypertrophy; sinonasal polyposis, chronic sinusitis and rhinosinus tumours; voice problems, dysphonia; and chronic tonsillar infections.
Within the specialty, nasal endoscopic surgery plays a major role in daily practice, our surgeons try to apply minimally invasive techniques to resolve most nasal pathologies (repeated sinusitis, sinonasal polyposis, benign and malignant sinonasal tumours and cerebrospinal fluid fistulae).
Areas considered of most interest are nasal pathologies and the study of sleep apnoea syndrome.
Thanks to the advances made in recent years in the field of endoscopic surgery, it is possible to avoid external scars and provide better postoperative care, with a quick return to work.
Plató Hospital applies modern surgical techniques such as nasal treatment with laser and radiofrequency to treat nasal respiratory failure and pathology of sleep apnoea. The personalised treatment applied by Plató Hospital professionals ensures patients welfare in our centre.